Thursday, February 16, 2017

Inside MAN’S MAGAZINE, February 1954 – Part 1: Savages, Sex and Severed Limbs…


As I explained in a previous post on this blog, the February 1954 issue of MAN’S MAGAZINE is the legendary painting vs. photo market test issue mentioned in the Taschen book MEN'S ADVENTURE MAGAZINES.

The editors of MAN’S wanted to find out if readers would prefer the magazine to continue using action/adventure paintings on its covers or switch to girlie cheesecake cover photos.

So, half of the copies printed featured an exotic cover painting of an iconic white explorer wearing khakis and pith helmet being threatened by a group of savage “Australian Bushmen.” (They look African but are apparently supposed to represent the aborigines featured in the lead story inside).

The cover on the other half of the print run for that issue had a photo of Eve Meyer, the glamour model and wife of photographer and filmmaker Russ Meyer.

Initially, the photo cover seemed like the winner and photos of models were used on the April and June covers.

In the June 1954 issue of MAN’S the editors reported:

“Mail on the action cover vs. the girl cover shows that approximately 75% of our readers prefer glamour, 25% prefer adventure.”

However, by August of 1954 MAN’S went back to painted covers and continued using them throughout the Fifties and Sixties, as did most other men’s pulp adventure periodicals.

From what I can gather, there were several reasons. One is that anti-pornography activist groups were less likely to try to get magazines with adventure cover paintings banned from local newsstands than magazines with sexy cover photos. Magazines with painted covers were also less apt to draw attention from Post Office censors.

Moreover, wild action and adventure cover paintings were simply a better fit with the types of stories published by men’s adventure magazines like MAN’S — and with the interests of most of their readers.

Regular readers of men’s adventure magazines were generally less affluent, less well-educated and less urban than the readers targeted by PLAYBOY and its imitators.

They liked cheesecake photos of women as much as any hetero man. But they had little or no interest reading in egghead fiction stories or articles about the latest men’s fashions. 

They tended to be blue-collar workers who enjoyed hunting and fishing. A high percentage were veterans (typically regular enlisted men, not officers).

They were guys who enjoyed action, adventure and war stories, gritty crime stories and outdoor sports articles. They also liked exposés and articles about sex-related topics.

MAN’S MAGAZINE and other men’s pulp mags gave them what they wanted.

For example, the first story in the February 1954 issue of MAN’S, after the regular “The Outdoor Man” news briefs section, is a purportedly true adventure yarn about an encounter with some aborigines in a remote area of Australia.

It’s titled “Naked Devils and Black Magic.”

A quote printed in boldface type on the first page hypes the action and danger to come: “The bushmen came at me, spears poised, boomerangs ready. I had one chance to stop fifty howling savages!”

By today’s standards, this story is clearly racist and ethnocentric (like most things in the American media were throughout the past two centuries).

It starts out with a local pilot giving this sneering description of the surviving members of Australia’s indigenous population:

“Bloody, good-for-nothing mob...They build nothing, grow nothing, and wear nothing — just Nature Boys!...They eat snakes, grub worms, kill an occasional kangaroo-and believe in ‘dream time,’ when the earth began.”

However, the story is interesting to read and it’s illustrated with some great photos.

I especially love the nighttime photo of a group of Aborigine men wearing body paint that seems luminescent in the flash of the camera (something that plays a role in the plot).

And, from a literary perspective, the story is actually noteworthy.

It was written by Harry Roskolenko (1907-1980), a prolific American writer poet, novelist and travel writer who also worked as a critic for the New York Times Book Review.

He was famous enough in the U.S. that a collection of his papers is kept in the special collections section of the Syracuse University library.
 
According to an article about him in a 2004 National Library of Australia newsletter, Roskolenko was also something of a literary celebrity in Australia. He made a splash in Australia’s local modernist poetry scene while stationed there during World War II and returned frequently after the war. 

Several books of Roskolenko’s poems were published. None were major commercial or critical successes. (The more famous American poet William Carlos Williams called one of them “so bad, that by its very depravity it is impressive”).

Roskolenko seems to have made more of his income as a self-described “hack writer” of travelogue books like WHITE MAN GO!, pulpy novels like BLACK IS A MAN (“Yesterday he was a white man – today he is a Negro!”) and travel and adventure stories like “Naked Devils and Black Magic.”

Roskolenko’s Australian adventure story in MAN’S is followed by a mild cheesecake photo spread of Eve Meyer.

Nudity was rare in men’s adventure mags in the 1950s — unless, of course, the women were “natives.” Under the unspoken “National Geographic Rule,” it was OK to show photos of native women topless.

The title of the next story, “A New Way to a Happy Sex Life,” sounds like it would be one of the usual hyped-up sex advice or sexposé stories often found in men’s pulp mags. And, one of the photos used for it is a bit risqué.

But this story is actually a serious and historically interesting nonfiction article about “a modern form of mental healing called group psychotherapy.”

It was written by Frank Rasky, a journalist who wrote various types of nonfiction articles for both men’s magazines and mainstream magazines in the 1950s. (For example, he wrote a profile of actress Judy Holliday for NEW LIBERTY magazine in 1952.)

The story following Rasky’s urges “Bring Back the 6-Day Bike Race!”

You probably didn’t even know 6-day bike races came and went.

I didn’t until reading this article. But apparently indoor bike race marathons, like dance marathons, were a popular form of entertainment before World War II.

Next comes a story which reflects the fact that part of the DNA of men’s adventure magazines came from the often gruesome true crime and detective magazines that were popular with male readers in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s.

It’s a fact-based story about a psycho janitor named Ludwig Lee. Back in 1927, Lee murdered and dismembered two women in New York.

The story was penned by Frank Mullady, a former New York cop who became a magazine writer and book author. The title, “54 Cans of Lye,” refers to a telltale clue that led to the indictment and execution of Lee.

One of the photographs used in this piece shows a police detective holding up the severed arm of one of Lee’s victims.

It’s a shocking “death porn” photo that probably wouldn’t be shown by any mainstream magazine then or now.

In fact, I won’t even show that one here. But if you’re curious to see how grisly some of the true crime photos were in vintage men’s adventure magazines, you can download a digital copy of the February 1954 of MAN’S MAGAZINE in my Payloadz store.

Here’s a link to my second post about the legendary February 1954 issue of MAN’S MAGAZINE, which looks at some other pulpy treasures inside it.

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Comments? Corrections? Post them in the Men’s Adventure Magazines Facebook Group.

Recommended reading for men’s adventure magazine fans…



NOW AVAILABLE AS A DIGITAL DOWNLOAD

The February 1954 issue of MAN’S, with the painting and photo covers and all interior pages, in high-resolution, PDF format, for only $2.99.

CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD

Sunday, January 29, 2017

R.I.P. Charlie “Angelo” Liteky: a man of courage and conviction in wartime and after...

Boondock Padre Charlie Litely, from HANDFUL OF HELL p1&2 REV2
One of the stories by the late military historian Robert F. Dorr featured in A HANDFUL OF HELL, our collection of Bob’s classic men’s adventure magazine stories, is about Charles “Angelo” James Liteky.

Liteky was an Army Chaplain during the Vietnam War.

He was awarded the Medal of Honor in 1969 for his “exceptional heroism” in saving the lives of dozens of wounded American soldiers during a bloody battle near Phuoc-Lac on December 6, 1967.

When Liteky died on January 27, 2017 at age 85, the major focus of the obituaries about him was the fact that he gave back his medal in 1986 to protest the Reagan administration’s support for right wing dictators and “Contras” in Nicaragua and El Salvador and became a prominent peace activist.

He was the first, and so far the only, Medal of Honor recipient who has returned the medal.

He also renounced the tax-free, lifetime pension that goes with the Medal of Honor (about $600 per month in 1986, now about $1,300).

A few years before that Liteky had left the priesthood as a protest against the Catholic Church’s celibacy requirements and married former nun Judy Balch.

Later acts of protest against US policies in Central America landed Liteky in federal prison for six months in 1990 and for a year in 2000.

In 2002 and 2003, he traveled to Baghdad with other peace activists opposed to the U.S. invasion of Iraq.

Given all that, I suppose it’s not surprising that Liteky’s obituaries generally gave more attention to his controversial acts of political protest than to the acts of bravery that earned him a Medal of Honor during the Vietnam War.

But the story behind his medal is awe-inspiring.

Charlie Liteky obit in NYT bdThere’s an official citation explaining what he did on his page on the Medal of Honor website, as there are for other recipients.

It’s listed under the name he used in the service, Angelo J. Liteky.

The story of his bravery is provided in a fairly dry way, formatted as a single paragraph.

Nonetheless, the basic facts in it are jaw-dropping.

It says:

Chaplain Liteky distinguished himself by exceptional heroism while serving with Company A, 4th Battalion, 12th Infantry, 199th Light Infantry Brigade. He was participating in a search and destroy operation when Company A came under intense fire from a battalion size enemy force. Momentarily stunned from the immediate encounter that ensued, the men hugged the ground for cover. Observing 2 wounded men, Chaplain Liteky moved to within 15 meters of an enemy machine gun position to reach them, placing himself between the enemy and the wounded men. When there was a brief respite in the fighting, he managed to drag them to the relative safety of the landing zone. Inspired by his courageous actions, the company rallied and began placing a heavy volume of fire upon the enemy's positions. In a magnificent display of courage and leadership, Chaplain Liteky began moving upright through the enemy fire, administering last rites to the dying and evacuating the wounded. Noticing another trapped and seriously wounded man, Chaplain Liteky crawled to his aid. Realizing that the wounded man was too heavy to carry, he rolled on his back, placed the man on his chest and through sheer determination and fortitude crawled back to the landing zone using his elbows and heels to push himself along. pausing for breath momentarily, he returned to the action and came upon a man entangled in the dense, thorny underbrush. Once more intense enemy fire was directed at him, but Chaplain Liteky stood his ground and calmly broke the vines and carried the man to the landing zone for evacuation. On several occasions when the landing zone was under small arms and rocket fire, Chaplain Liteky stood up in the face of hostile fire and personally directed the medivac helicopters into and out of the area. With the wounded safely evacuated, Chaplain Liteky returned to the perimeter, constantly encouraging and inspiring the men. Upon the unit's relief on the morning of 7 December 1967, it was discovered that despite painful wounds in the neck and foot, Chaplain Liteky had personally carried over 20 men to the landing zone for evacuation during the savage fighting. Through his indomitable inspiration and heroic actions, Chaplain Liteky saved the lives of a number of his comrades and enabled the company to repulse the enemy. Chaplain Liteky's actions reflect great credit upon himself and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. Army.

Robert F. Dorr’s story about what Liteky did that day is a helluva lot more intense and dramatic.

It’s titled “THE INCREDIBLE GLORY SAGA OF THE BOONDOCK PADRE.”

The story was originally published in the October 1970 issue of MAN’S ILLUSTRATED.

MAN’S ILLUSTRATED was one of the longest-running men’s adventure magazines. It ran from 1955 to 1975 and featured artwork by many of the top illustrators who worked for the men’s adventure genre. (For example, the cover of the October 1970 issue was done by the great Mel Crair.)

Many of the stories in MAN’S ILLUSTRATED are wild and crazy. But a good percentage of those are gloriously wild and crazy and some issues include more serious hidden gems like Bob Dorr’s well-written, well-researched story about what Liteky did to earn the Medal of Honor on December 6, 1967.

- A HANDFUL OF HELL, Robert F. Dorr preview REVMAN'S ILLUSTRATED, Oct 1970 - from A HANDFUL OF HELL

Bob’s story includes details that add depth and color to what happened that day, such as the fact that Liteky was unwilling to carry or shoot a weapon.

During the battle that earned him the Medal of Honor, Liteky walked, ran and crawled unarmed through a battlefield swarming with North Vietnamese troops, making his way through a hail of bullets and explosions to reach wounded American GIs.

Here’s an excerpt from Dorr’s account that vividly describes Liteky’s situation and decisions:

      “Haunted by the screams of the wounded, Liteky rolled over on his belly to glimpse Red troops moving through nearby trees. He lifted the M-16 and slipped his finger through the trigger guard. His hands trembled. The North Vietnamese disappeared before he could take aim.     
       It was no good. Father Liteky shook his head, tears streaming down his cheeks. He couldn't fire.
       Charlie Liteky getting Medal of Honor "My God, can't somebody help us? Somebody, anybody, please help!"
       What am I doing? Liteky wondered, staring open-mouthed at the unfamiliar M-16. He'd never fired one, not even on a firing range. This isn't for me, he thought. It’s not my way.
       A man of the church, not a killer, the priest listened to the screams of the wounded and made an abrupt decision that came from the depth of his character. Purposely, he tossed the M-16 aside and watched it drop into the dust.
       A burst of Red gunfire kicked up geysers of dirt in front of him as he propped on his elbows, steadied himself, and started to his feet.
       "Hey, sir! Get down! You're a perfect target!"
       Liteky came erect to the limit of his six-feet-one, glanced sideways at Red shells pounding down latex trees only feet away, then started for the gully ahead. Now he was thinking clearly, he told himself. His duty was with those three wounded.
       "Father, you're out of your mind! They're dumping more rockets on us!"
       "Hey, chaplain, take cover! Get down or they'll hit you! This isn't your fight!"
       "It is now!" Liteky didn't care whether the protesting GIs heard him or not. "If you want to do something, cover me! I'm going up to those three guys!"
       "Those men are dying! You can't help them!"
       Liteky ignored the shouts and bolted forward, Red bullets fanning the air around him. A lonely figure moving in a bent, runner's stance, he was a blur against a backdrop of jungle where muzzle flashes blinked as he sprinted through criss-crossing bursts of flying steel. GIs who watched felt sure he was committing suicide.
       But Angelo J. Liteky was thinking only of the personal thing inside, his own idea of a duty higher than any the U.S. Army had assigned him. The roar of enemy guns clogging his ears, he ran in a quickening, deliberate stride—unarmed, uninterested in the living hell of gunfire around him, and unconcerned that he was laying his life right on the line.”

That’s just a glimpse of Bob Dorr’s great story about how Liteky got a Medal of Honor.

You can read the rest by buying a copy of A HANDFUL OF HELL. It’s available on Amazon worldwide. I also sell copies of HANDFUL and other books in our Men’s Adventure Library series at a special discount on eBay.

They’re signed by me as editor, not by Bob Dorr. Unfortunately, Bob passed away last year not long after my co-editor Wyatt Doyle and I worked with him to publish the book.

Prior to his death, I talked with Bob fairly often by phone. I miss him a lot. If he were still around, I would have called him to hear his thoughts on the obituaries for Charlie “Angelo” Liteky.

Bob was well aware that Liteky became controversial after he transformed from a war hero into a peace activist.

He’d been criticized by some observers — including some other Medal of Honor recipients — for returning his medal. He also took flak for speaking out against US policies and activities in Central America, even though the Iran-Contra scandal and investigations into the atrocities committed in Nicaragua and El Salvador now seem to support his position.

MAN'S ILLUSTRATED - 1970 10 Oct - inside Boondock Padre 2pgRobert F. Dorr with 4 of his bookS

In an interview in 2000, Paul Bucha, past president of the Medal of Honor Society and a medal recipient, said:

“When I look at Liteky, I have respect for the courage of his views. It’s difficult to be an iconoclast. It’s much easier to go along. Men like Liteky are people who should force us to pause and think; they should not be ostracized and criticized. They are entitled to their views, and perhaps if we listened we’d be better off.”

I know Robert F. Dorr, who was a military veteran and a former senior diplomat with the State Department as well as a writer and military historian, also respected both Liteky’s bravery in war and his later political stands.

In the introduction Bob wrote for our reprint of the story “THE INCREDIBLE GLORY SAGA OF THE BOONDOCK PADRE,” he said:

“For his heroic efforts to save wounded American soldiers in 1967, he received the Medal of Honor. After the war, he continued to be a man of indomitable courage and strong convictions.”

I agree.

R.I.P. to an American hero.

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Comments? Corrections? Post them on the Men’s Adventure Magazines Facebook Group.

Related and recommended reading…

Monday, January 16, 2017

WILDCAT ADVENTURES presents killer Leopard Women and deadly tattooed Geishas…

WILDCAT ADVENTURES, April 1960. Leopard Women cover WM2
I have a love-hate relationship with the men’s adventure magazine WILDCAT ADVENTURES.

I love many of the gonzo stories you’ll find in it, like “DEATH ORGY OF THE LEOPARD WOMEN,” the featured cover story in the April 1960 issue.

It’s actually a good, pulpy, old-style horror yarn. And the cover painting that goes with it is even better.

The scene depicts a scratched-up, near-nude dude about to be sacrificed by Leopard Women. The ladies are wearing snazzy leopard skin swimsuits, matching headgear and metal claws.

The cover painting was also used inside, flipped horizontally, in black-and-white.

Unfortunately, like most of the artwork in issues of WILDCAT ADVENTURES, the illustration is uncredited.

That’s the thing I hate about WILDCAT ADVENTURES.

For a fan of illustration art, like me, artwork with no artist credit or signature creates a frustrating mystery.

After you’ve looked at a lot men’s adventure mag illustrations that are credited or signed, you begin to be able to eyeball an uncredited illo and know who the artist was, or at least make a good guess.

My guess on the artist who did the cover painting for the April 1960 of WILDCAT ADVENTURES is Basil Gogos.

As shown in the interview with Basil I posted here a while ago and other previous posts, Basil did several great WILDCAT ADVENTURES cover paintings, including the one used for the cover of the highly-prized first issue of the magazine.

That first issue, Volume 1, No. 1, includes a “Booklength Bonus” version of the legendary novel JUNKIE by William S. Burroughs, illustrated with artwork by another top notch illustrator, John Severin.)

Some men’s adventure artists have fairly easily recognizable styles, like Norm Eastman, Clarence Doore, John Duillo, Mel Crair and Norman Saunders.

Some of Basil Gogos’ men’s adventure magazine illos are pretty easy to ID.

WILDCAT ADVENTURES, April 1960. Leopard Women story WMBut Basil used a few different styles for his men’s adventure magazine illustrations and all of them were different than the colorful, signature style he later used for the monster portrait artwork he’s best known for.

Like many artists, Basil didn’t always sign his men’s adventure magazine cover and interior illustrations.

For example, he didn’t sign the painting on the coveted premiere issue of WILDCAT ADVENTURES. But I guessed it was his work and he confirmed to me that he did it when I asked him.

So, the lack of a signature doesn’t rule out Basil Gogos as the artist who did the Leopard Women cover on the April 1960 issue.

And when I compared it to some of the WILDCAT ADVENTURES covers I know are his, it seemed like a Gogos cover to me.

Since I couldn’t be totally sure, I messaged Basil via his Facebook page and asked him.

This time he responded: “I may have painted it. I am not completely sure.”

Ah, well. If even Basil is unsure, it remains a mystery.

The author who wrote “DEATH ORGY OF THE LEOPARD WOMEN” is another mystery.

It’s one of the many “as told to” stories that appeared in men’s adventure magazines.

WILDCAT ADVENTURES, April 1960. Tattooed geishas WMThe “as told to” device is usually intended to make it seem like some first person account is a true story told to a professional writer. 

The byline for the Leopard Women yarn says “As told to Calvin Burke.” 

I think “Calvin Burke” is probably a pseudonym for some staff writer or a stringer who wrote regularly for the men’s adventures magazines published by Candar publishing, which included WILDCAT ADVENTURES, MAN’S ACTION, MAN’S DARING and MAN’S TRUE DANGER.

I did some in-depth searching on the internet. I‘m pretty good at. I couldn’t find any references to a writer named Calvin Burke or any other stories or books credited to him.

Whoever he was, I like the story a lot.

We almost included it in the first volume in our growing Men’s Adventure Library series, the WEASELS RIPPED MY FLESH! anthology, but it lost out to “I WAS A SLAVE OF A SAVAGE BLONDE.”

However, if you’re curious about “DEATH ORGY OF THE LEOPARD WOMEN,” you can click this link and read a PDF copy I’ve made available as a download.

Another story about deadly women in the same issue of WILDCAT ADVENTURES that’s both fun to read and nicely illustrated is “THE NAKED FEAR OF THE TATTOOED GEISHAS.”

WILDCAT - 1976 01 JanThe illustration is a brown and black duotone. It shows naked geisha girls covered in beautiful Oriental tattoos giving a bath to a future victim.

Unfortunately, there’s no artist credit or signature.

In fact, if you look through all 29 issues of WILDCAT ADVENTURES published between June 1959 and August 1964, when it was a men’s pulp adventure magazine, you find that most of the artwork is cool but uncredited. Hence my love-hate relationship with that mag.

Starting in January 1965, WILDCAT ADVENTURES was turned into a soft core porn magazine and retitled simply as WILDCAT.

In that format it ditched painted covers for pinup photo covers and primarily featured low-budget, PLAYBOY-style photo spreads and sex-laden stories inside, with almost no illustrations.

If you scan the WILDCAT ADVENTURES & WILDCAT cover gallery page on Phil Stephensen-Payne’s great vintage magazine site, Galactic Central (www.philsp.com), you can see the progression of the covers from men’s adventure style painted artwork to covers with fairly chaste pinup pics to issues with topless nude photos.

WILDCAT finally folded in January, 1976, with a cover that featured a slim blonde babe sipping wine, with bare breasts and unzipped pants. 

It may have some collectible value as the last issue. And you can still find it and other issues of WILDCAT on eBay.

But in my opinion they’re nowhere near as collectible, or as cool, as issues of their precursor, WILDCAT ADVENTURES.

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Comments? Corrections? Post them on the Men’s Adventure Magazines Facebook Group.

Related and recommended reading…